Red Planet: A Novel by Robert A. Heinlein

Looking for a science fiction classic? Then look no further than Red Planet by Robert A. Heinlein. This novel tells the story of the first human colony on Mars and the challenges they face in adapting to the hostile environment.

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Red Planet is a novel by Robert A. Heinlein, originally published in 1949. The novel tells the story of Jim Marlowe and his friends, who are forced to evacuate their home on Earth when the planet becomes uninhabitable. They travel to Mars, where they must learn to survive in a hostile environment. The novel is notable for its exploration of themes such as the human need for(冒險、勇敢) exploration and adventure, the importance of self-reliance, and the nature of societal change.


Red Planet is the story of the first manned mission to Mars. Jim Marlowe and his fellow astronauts are sent to Mars to set up a colony, but when they get there they find that the planet is not as hospitable as they thought. They must battle the hostile environment and the native Martians, who are not happy to see them.


The novel’s protagonist is Jim Marlow, a teenage boy who emigrates from Earth to the titular red planet with his family and several other families as part of the first manned mission to Mars. Life on Mars is hard, and the settlers are constantly battling the planet’s hostile environment. Jim quickly becomes friends with Frank Bartlett, another teenager, and the two boys often explore Mars together. The girls in the settlement, including Jim’s love interest Wiwila, are mostly uninterested in the boys.

The two main antagonists are Mrs. Maureen Wood, Jim’s teacher and de facto leader of the settlement, and Mr. William Rockwell, an abusive husband and father. Mrs. Wood is a rigid disciplinarian who believes that the settlers must not give in to the hardships of Mars, or they will never be able to tame the planet. Mr. Rockwell is a violent man who takes out his frustration at being stranded on Mars on his wife and children.

Other important characters include:
-Mr. Samuel Brainerd Marlow: Jim’s father, a engineer who designed many of the settlement’s systems
-Mrs. Laura Marlow: Jim’s mother
-Paul Bartlett: Frank’s father
-Aileen Bartlett: Frank’s sister


This book is a science fiction classic by legendary author Robert A. Heinlein. The story follows the adventures of two young men, Jim and Frank, as they travel to the red planet of Mars.

The book is an exciting and well-written story that is sure to please any fan of science fiction. The characters are well-developed and the plot is fast-paced and exciting. I would highly recommend this book to any fan of the genre.


Themes are the subject matter of a book, and can be found in the form of a central question or issue that the book addresses. In Robert A. Heinlein’s “Red Planet”, the primary theme is colonialism, and how it affects both individuals and society as a whole. The book also addresses themes of loyalty, family, friendship, and betrayal.


There are a number of symbols that appear throughout the book, most notably the colors red and green. Red is associated with Mars and its red dust, as well as with danger and bloodshed. Green is associated with Earth and its lush vegetation, as well as with life and growth.

Other symbols include:

The guns that the boys use to hunt wolvisses – The guns represent the boys’ power and ability to defend themselves. They also symbolize the violence that is a part of life on Mars.

The wolvisses themselves – The wolvisses are representative of the wild, untamed nature of Mars. They are also dangerous and have the potential to hurt or even kill the boys if they are not careful.

The ramrobot – The ramrobot is a machine that is used to help cultivate the land on Mars. It is a symbol of human progress and our ability to adapt to new environments.


Red Planet is set on Mars, in a future where the planet has been colonized by humans. The story follows a group of young people as they struggle to survive on a hostile planet.

Historical Context

Red Planet is set on a future Earth where the native Martians have been overrun by human settlers. The story follows two adolescences, Jim Marlowe and Frank Sutton, as they come of age in the hostile environment of Mars.

The novel is set against the backdrop of the Cold War, and Heinlein was heavily influenced by the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union. At the time of its publication, humans had not yet set foot on another world, but there was a widespread belief that it was only a matter of time before we did. The book reflects this sense of excitement and possibility, while also exploring the darker side of human nature that would be necessary to survive on a hostile planet.

Critical Overview

NASA’s first manned mission to Mars in 2030 is a success, but the six-member crew finds the planet uninhabitable and begins a desperate seven-month journey back to Earth. Halfway home, they are stranded on Mars when their ship’s life support system fails. Forced to live in the Martian wilderness, the astronauts must find a way to survive on the hostile planet until help arrives.

Red Planet is generally considered one of Robert A. Heinlein’s weaker novels. Some critics fault Heinlein for his treatment of women in the book, while others find fault with his portrayal of teenagers. Many commentators, however, praise Heinlein’s ability to create believable characters and intriguing plot lines.


Most of the information in this article comes from firsthand experience with the novel, either from reading it or from discussions with other readers. In addition, some of the background information and interpretation comes from the following sources:

-The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd edition (1995), edited by John Clute and Peter Nicholls. This is an authoritative reference work on science fiction, and includes a lengthy article on Heinlein’s work, written by Paul Carter.

-The Science Fiction Encyclopedia (1979), edited by Peter Nicholls. This reference work includes a shorter article on Heinlein’s work, also written by Paul Carter.

-Robotics in Science Fiction (1985), by Mike Flynn. This essay focuses on Heinlein’s use of robots in his stories, and includes a section on Red Planet.

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